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How many programming languages are out the market? When I was in Collage I took C and Java lessons for one semester. I can also use Matlab for engineering calculations. I heard Python, ASP.NET, Visual and Coldfusion but I'm sure there are some other languages... Any thoughts?
There're dozens, if not 100 or more. See Wikipedia for a large list.
Some are more popular that others, obviously. At the moment, I'd say that the most popular programming or scripting languages are:
- Lisp and its derivatives
- SQL and its derivatives
- .NET MVC
- Visual Basic
That list is in no particular order, and more importantly, is nowhere near exhaustive.
One of the easiest languages to learn for beginners is Python. I have tried developing some simple applications for Django (which is based off Python), and so far it's been a straight-forward experience.
I'm also a fan of Ruby and RoR, and of course PHP (though less of a programming language, as opposed to scripting).
By traditional definitions, neither Python nor Ruby are programming languages: they're scripting languages.
Originally Posted by RichardLeik
The historic definition of a programming language requires that the program be compiled into machine code before being run, while a scripting language is interpreted by the scripting engine at run-time.
However, the line between programming and scripting languages has been blurring for a while.