The idea of cloud computing is not a new one. For the past twenty years, the concept has been around, struggling to gain traction in the industry largely due a single problem: cost. Physical servers were far more cost-effective than trying to have off-site storage or SaaS services, which not only required the provider to have the exact same equipment, but also were not available with a data transfer rate that was anything more than abysmal for anything less than a mint. Now, with the development of new technology, the cloud can finally claim lower costs and a more effective way to do business.
Virtualization is the first key technology that has unlocked the door for cloud computing, mainly by taking away the need for the provider and the user to have the same hardware. It does not matter what kind of OS or desktop the user has – the server the provider is using can do the job just as well. Data deduplication has also been instrumental in bringing the cloud to the forefront, as it can eliminate the need to move up to 97% of data, lowering not only the amounts and types that must be moved, but the cost to do so as well.
Data protection and encryption have also contributed to a larger cloud presence, as having viably backed-up data and data that is not easily accessible except by those with the proper permissions has done a great deal to foster business confidence. Together, lowered costs for servers and storage combined with better ways to protect backup data have led to an environment in which the cloud can flourish and companies can make the most of the new technologies that are being offered.